The transportation cost of goods in transit accounts for one-third to two of the total logistics cost. Understanding the transportation method and its characteristics, and choosing the correct logistics transportation method will help logistics companies find the most economical and suitable transportation method to transport. In order to reduce transportation costs and improve the competitiveness of enterprises.
The transportation methods include railway transportation, road transportation, water transportation, air transportation, and pipeline transportation. All five modes of transportation have their characteristics.This article mainly introduces railway transportation.
A. It is not affected by the weather and can be transported all year round;
B. The transportation speed is very fast, and it can transport 3000-5000 tons of goods, which is much higher than air transportation and automobile transportation;
C. The transportation cost is low,；
D. It is safe and reliable. , The risk is lower than sea transportation;
E. The initial investment is relatively large, including laying tracks, building bridges and tunnels, as well as platform unloading and loading facilities and labor costs;
F. The construction of railways requires the cooperation of multiple departments, so it is very Coordination and other requirements are relatively high;
G. Relevant studies have shown that transportation costs and transportation distances tend to decrease gradually.